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So the usual formulation of AE attempts to show that evil presents good evidence for, rather than proof of, the nonexistence of the theistic God. This opens the possibility that the theist could formulate an argument against AE as follows:

Augustine and the Problem of Evil from a Christian Basis

I will try to answer the problem of evil with regards to the problem of heaven and hell....

Mackie and the Problem of Evil

And even if God should abandon himself to chance only in some cases and in a certain way (as he would do, if he did not always work towards the best and if he were capable of preferring a lesser good to a greater, that is, an evil to a good, since that which prevents a greater good is an evil), he would be imperfect, as well as the object of his choice; he would not merit entire confidence; he would act without reason in such a case, and the government of the universe would be like certain games, equally divided between reason and chance.

Lewis and David Hume on the Problem of Evil

If the will of God did not have for a rule the principle of the best, it would either tend toward evil, which would be the worst; or it would be in some way indifferent to good and to evil, and would be guided by chance: but a will which would allow itself always to act by chance, would not be worth more for the government of the universe than the fortuitous concourse of atoms, without there being any divinity therein.

Augustine reflects on the existence of evil and the theological problem it poses.

The Evidential Argument from Evil by Nicholas Tattersall

Other versions of the evidential argument concede that God have a morally sufficient reason for allowing certain evils to occur—e.g., to ensure that some greater good is achieved as a consequence of an evil. However, proponents add, God would only allow as much evil or suffering as is absolutely necessary in order to achieve greater goods. But when we look at the world around us, we find prevalent instances of apparently gratuitous evil—pointless evils from which no greater good seems to result. According to proponents, the existence of apparently gratuitous evil provides strong evidence that God (as traditionally defined) does not exist (e.g., William Rowe).

The problem of evil argument essays on gun - …

There are many different responses to the problem of evil. None of them is entirely satisfactory alone, but together they do cast doubt on whether the existence of evil disproves the claim that God exists.

To start, Swinburne bases his argument on two basic types of evil: moral and natural.

Argument of evil essay | EssaysTopic

Another theory is that there is ultimate good and ultimate evil in the spiritual realm, This is often depicted as God as good and the devil as evil. The question then arises as to why and how human beings get caught in the middle of this battle. Are we put on earth to constantly choose between good and evil, or are we simply victims of evil and excusable before God? If we think this way, we must conclude then that all the good we do comes from God and all the bad we do comes from the devil.

The argument for the problem of evil (and suffering) proves that fact.

The argument from evil Essay - 909 Words - StudyMode

Mackie wrote a very convincing piece on the problem of evil called “Evil and Omnipotence,” in which he attempts to show that one of the following premises must be false in order for them to be consistent with each other.

The argument for the problem of evil states that there is a all-good, all-powerful God.

The God And The Evil Demon - UK Essays | UKEssays

The argument from evil (or problem of evil) is the argument that an all-powerful, all-knowing, and perfectly good God would not allow any—or certain kinds of—evil or suffering to occur. Unlike the , which holds that the existence of God (so defined) is logically incompatible with some known fact about evil, the (or probabilistic) argument from evil contends that some known fact about evil is evidence against the existence of God. For instance, one version of the argument contends that the is much more likely on than theism (e.g., Paul Draper).