Argumentative Essay: Plastic Surgery

Jessica*, a 31-year-old teacher from Australia, similarly felt that repeat surgeries would help improve her appearance. After undergoing multiple procedures at 18, including breast augmentation and ear pinning (a procedure that moves the ears closer to the head), she was convinced her breasts looked disfigured and sought the help of another doctor. "I saw a plastic surgeon in Perth, Australia, but he refused to perform the surgery because of my BDD and because I already had plastic surgery so young," she recalled. "I was desperate and flew under the radar to a cosmetic surgeon and took my chances of being 'botched' to have my dream breasts."

Argumentative Essay On Plastic Surgery Free Essays

Write an argumentative essay on;Should teenagers be allowed to get plastic surgery?

Argumentative Essay On Plastic Surgery

Last year, Americans spent more on products and procedures to make our faces look better. The reason? Well, it may seem counterintuitive, but experts say the lackluster economy is part of the reason for our collective vanity. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) says that while total cosmetic surgeries fell by 2% last year, the number of what they call “minimally invasive” procedures rose by 6%.

Argument Essay On Teens And Plastic Surgery Free Essays

Seoul, South Korea, is , with . The most common procedure in Korea is blepharoplasty, or double eyelid surgery. According to the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, it's the most popular plastic surgery operation in the world, with 1.43 million people getting it done in 2014. It's so prevalent that a former Korean president had the operation while he was in office. Blepharoplasty is also controversial. Critics say that the operation makes patients look "less Asian," while proponents say that it's simply a matter of beauty — bigger eyes equals more attractiveness, essentially."Most Koreans don’t have a double eyelid line, so in that case, sometimes they look sleepy and tired," says Hang-Seok Choi, the director of JK Plastic Surgery, a Seoul-based clinic that sees 10,000 patients a year. "Ladies want to have a beautiful look, defined look," Choi tells Tech Insider, and the 20% of his patients that are male "want some beauty too," so they also often opt for eyelid surgery. Choi says it's one of the cheapest operations (between $1,000 and $3,000) and it's less invasive than other options, leading to a shorter recovery time. But the operation has a racially charged past. To critics, the surgery is a symbol of white America's history of cultural dominance over South Korea. It goes back to American plastic surgery pioneer Dr. Ralph Millard, who was stationed in Seoul from 1950 to 1953 to do reconstructive surgery for the war wounded. Millard is known among plastic surgeons today for his innovations in facelifts and cleft palates. Millard was the reportedly first person to develop and perform the operation in Korea. But the surgeon who introduced double-eyelid surgery to Korea also projected the worst of Asian stereotypes onto people with "monolids." In a 1964 edition of the American Journal of Ophthalmology, Millard wrote that "the absence of the puerperal fold produces a passive expression which seems to epitomize the stoical and unemotional manner of the oriental." He wrote that he had the first opportunity to try the operation when "a slant-eyed Korean interpreter, speaking excellent English, came in requesting to be made into a 'round-eye.'" Many of his patients were reportedly Korean women working in the sex trade who wanted to get the operation to increase their appeal to American GIs. Other clients were so-called "war brides" — Korean women who married American soldiers and moved to the US — who wanted to fit in more in their adopted home. Historians and cultural critics say there are a few factors that have contributed to the prevalence of double-eyelid surgery today. In "Asian American: Historical Crossings of a Racial Frontier," Stanford comparative literature scholar David Palumbo-Liu argues that the double eyelid trend started after World War II, as Japanese and Korean women opted for it so that they could blend in better to the West, reflecting American — particularly white American — dominance. This was apparently the case in the US as well. In a 1993 study of eleven Asian American women in the San Francisco Bay Area who received plastic surgery, ethnographer Eugenia Kaw found that patients underwent plastic surgery in order to "escape persisting racial prejudice that correlates their stereotyped genetic physical features ('small, slanty' eyes and a 'flat' nose) with negative behavioral characteristics, such as passivity, dullness, and a lack of sociability." Today in Korea, plastic surgery at least seems less racialized. Seoul-based plastic surgeon Minhwa Na — who's been doing double-eyelids for 15 years — tells the Korea Herald that her clients aren't trying to looks less Asian. "I would get serious complaints if I performed the procedure and the Korean patient gets a crease like the one of a Caucasian person. What people want is a natural crease that is suited to Asian faces," she said. "The whole idea that undergoing this surgery is an attempt to look white is absurd." But as history shows, it's probably more complicated than that. Cultural critic Moonwon Lee tells the Korea Herald that while people don't personally believe they're trying to look white by getting their eyelids done or other plastic surgeries, they're still moving away from Korean-ness. The big eyes, small faces, and perky noses that are hallmarks of beauty in Korea aren't natural to most Koreans, he says. These homogenized beauty standards stand out in Korean beauty pageants. The below GIF of contestants for the Miss Daegu 2013 beauty pageant made the rounds on Reddit and Gawker. The contestants have strikingly similar looks, especially in the eyes. One former Korean beauty pageant contestant says that the majority of her pageant peers received plastic surgery, ranging from double eyelid surgery to nose jobs (rhinoplasty). Plastic surgery is, she says, seen by judges as a sign that a contestant is serious about their career. Since everybody wants to look the same way, Lee says that Koreans assume it's normal, "regardless of history or meaning." Eyelid surgery is also strongly linked to the global phenomenon of K-Pop (think "Gangnam Style" and Girls Generation), according to Atlantic writer Zara Stone. "K-pop has created a completely new beauty aesthetic that nods to Caucasian features but doesn't replicate them," like the big eyes that are so dominant in pop culture, she says, It's hard to wrap your mind around jsut how huge K-Pop is in South Korea. According to the Paris Review, 2.08 million Koreans — an unbelievable 4% of the entire population — tried out for "Superstar K," the country's biggest singing competition in 2012. As a result of this idolization of K-Pop stars, plastic surgery is seen as aspirational, even normalized. Regardless of the history, the double eyelid surgery seems to be a matter of pragmatism for clients. As Dr. Choi, the director of JK Plastic Surgery explained to us, going to the plastic surgery center carries as much weight as getting a haircut — it's an everyday thing. Also, he says, Korea is a remarkably competitive society. "Nations have different need for beauty," Choi says. "In Korea, the land is small and crowded, that everybody can see, can look at each other in the face." Not only do people live closely together, but you submit your photo with your resúmé, with the assumption that if you look like you can take care of yourself, then you can take care of your job . Attractiveness is a competitive advantage in the job market, which is why, Choi says, applicants go as far as photoshopping their resume images. "Usually," he says, "people believe that people with better appearance have more opportunity. "Join the conversation about this story » NOW WATCH: What it's like to eat at McDonald's in South Korea

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BDD patients who are unhappy with the results of their surgeries can become depressed and have their symptoms worsen, to the International OCD Foundation; others seek repeated surgeries. Actor Reid Ewing, star of the ABC television series , an essay in 2015 for the Huffington Post about his experience with BDD and plastic surgery, expressing his regret over the numerous cosmetic procedures he'd undergone in an attempt to alleviate his symptoms. "I went back to the doctor several times in a frenzy," wrote Ewing, "but he kept refusing to operate on me for another six months, saying I would eventually get used to the change. I couldn't let anyone see me like this, so I stayed in complete isolation. When I went out, people on the street would stare at me, and when I visited my parents they thought I had contracted some illness."

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GPSA Members are a surgeon with more than six years of surgical training and experience and with at least three years specifically in plastic surgery. Their training and experience make them uniquely qualified to perform your cosmetic or reconstructive procedure. Plastic surgery encompasses both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. GPSA Member Surgeons are trained, experienced, and qualified to perform both cosmetic and reconstructive procedures on the face and all areas of the body. Because many cosmetic procedures are rooted in reconstructive plastic surgery, GPSA Member Surgeons are uniquely qualified to handle your cosmetic needs.