People often fail to examine causes when it comes to crime
THE BIOLOGICAL THEORY OF CRIME CAUSATION
This paper is devoted to matters of crime theories and their relation to psychological and social factors. At the very beginning we should stop at the definition of the criminology in general, according to one of the scholars of American criminology, Edwin H. Sutherland, criminology is a body of knowledge that considered crime as a social phenomenon. This is not only the process of making laws, this is as well the process of breaking them, reaction to the breaking of the laws. These three components form the special sequence of events.
The classical school does little to address the causes of crime
People working with this sphere are called criminologists, they study the social and behavioral sciences. They study the methods of crimes, the characteristics of criminals, victims and circumstances of the crimes. There is a number of theories of crime, some of them are simple, and some are more complex. Most of these theories concentrate on specific type of behavior and on learning the causes for this type of behavior. The theories help us to gain some basic knowledge about the nature of crimes and criminals, and they are certainly not able to answer all questions in all cases, but still they are important for understanding the phenomenon of crime. There is a great number of such theories, for example: psychological theory, disorganization – ecological theory, anomie-strain theory, learning theory, control theory, labeling theory, radical conflict theory, feminist theory, integrated theory, biological theory and so on. Further on we are going to concentrate upon the last one – the biological theory.
The biosocial or biological theory ..
I propose that the debate of nature versus nurture now is not whether genetics or environment influence behavior, but how complex the interaction between these factors is.Despite the relative lack of reliability and validity in twin, adoption, and family studies, they still provide valuable insight into the roles of heredity and environment in criminal behavior.