He is the father of the modern civil rights movement, Dr.
"Voices from the Southern Civil Rights Movement"
One of the primary goals of American Civil Rights Movement was to ensure that African Americans get adequate economic opportunities and achieve economic equality. The 1963 March on Washington was a march aiming to achieve “Jobs and Freedom.” Indeed, the black-white unemployment gap seems to have emerged around twenty years prior to the movement, in the 1940s. Analysis of the primary source, U.S. Census data, for different years in the 1940s, allows us to see that the two-to-one gap in employment of white and black workforce was persistent. Analysis of another primary source, Bureau of Labor Statistics data for 1954 allows us to see that the black rate of unemployment was 4.9% higher than the white one (9.9% to only 5%), i.e. almost twice as high.
Success was a big part of the Civil Rights Movement.
While Rustin and other March organizers attempted to pacify the women by offering them seats on the platform, some male leaders supported the demand for direct women's representation in the March (Height, 2001). However, those leaders did not force the issue. According to Pauli Murray, who served as a consultant to John F. Kennedy's Presidential Commission on the Status of Women, "It wasbitterly humiliating for Negro Women...to [be]...accorded...token recognition in the historic March...The omission was deliberate" (Height, 2001, p. 90). Murray was not surprised by the reluctance of March organizers (mostly men) to allow women a speaking platform in the March. Since the movement's inception, men were socially expected to take on formal leadership roles. Although disappointed by the attitudes of March organizers, black women fully supported the March "because we felt it would strike a major blow against racism" (Height, 2001, p.88). Black women, who held dual oppressive positions in society as black and female, often felt they had to choose of which battle to be a part. During this time in U.S. history, black women felt the race issue was most significant and supported the Civil Rights struggle despite experiences of marginalization and sexism (Standley, 1990).