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Greek Bactzia came to an end between 141 and128, an end brought about by the migration of the Saka(Scythian) tribes of the Yueh-chi who came from Northern China. Theywere, of course, Mongolian tribes, for that is the implication of theterm Saka or Scythian. in China their pastures had been taken from themby another Mongol tribe, the Hiung-nu, and so they migrated, some goingsouth where they founded a kingdom in China, others to the west wherethey fell upon the tribe of Wu-sun, killed their king, and occupiedtheir lands. But before long they were overtaken by their old enemiesthe Hiung-nu, called in by the defeated Wu-sun and were forced tocontinue their march westwards. They next attacked the Sai-wong tribeswho fled south, but about 160 B.C. they were themselvesattacked by the Wu-sun, led by the son of their murdered king, and wentfarther west. Then for a while they pass out of sight until about 128when they crossed the jaxartes, then the Oxus, and occupied theprovinces of Bactria and Sogdiana, where they founded a group of Sakastates. Meanwhile the dispossessed Sai-wong had seized the Greekprovince of Ferghana and started another Saka principality there. Thecoming of these semi-barbarous. tribes completely submerged thepolitical and social life of the Central Asian Greek kingdoms, at leastfor the time being. It did not interfere with the Buddhist religion,for most of the invading tribes turned Buddhist.
Writing A Buddhist Essay | Docoments Ojazlink
The Sasanid revolution of A.D. 226 placed a newPersian dynasty on the throne which had been that of Parthia. Thisrevolution, like most such movements in oriental lands, had a religiousbearing. It not only set on the throne a legitimist claimant who wasaccepted as descended from the demi-gods of ancient times, but it ledto a drastic reformation of the religion founded by Zoroaster. Thefirst Sasanid monarch Ardashir began his reign with a general councilof Mazdean clergy which resolved the many sectarian difficultiesbetween the various sections into which the Persian community wasdivided, and standardized the worship and scriptural canon. In historyMazdeanism appears generally as a tolerant creed, save in dealing withdissenters from itself, such as Mani and Mazdek, but it seems to havepassed through a period of active propaganda, of which there are nodetails, in the course of which the religion of Zoroaster spread overthe eastern provinces of the kingdom, so that at the coming of IslamBactria, Sogdiana, and Ferghana were largely, but by no means entirely,Mazdean, with a strong Buddhist minority which proved rather a problemto the Muslim conquerors. Thus the Barmaks, heirs of the hereditaryBuddhist abbots of Nawa Bahar, possessors of great wealth chieflyderived from the offerings of generations of Buddhist pilgrims, arerepresented as being fire-worshippers until their conversion to Islam.