Essay on the gender difference in history: women in China and Japan.

In "On a Chinese Screen", notes from his encounters during a journey on the in 1920, Somerset Maugham relays his conversation with a great philosopher. The Chinese philosopher, who has studied in Berlin and Oxford, concludes that all wisdom is to be found within the Confucian canon. In a bitter mood, he denounces the modernity that is sweeping China, and extols the Confucian system of old: “Do you know that we tried an experiment which is unique in the history of the world? We sought to rule this great country not by force, but by wisdom. And for centuries we succeeded.” The philosopher is surely correct to draw attention to the uniqueness of the Chinese experiment.

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Riskin, C. (1987 ). China's political economy New York Oxford University Press

Environmental Degradation in China - essay-paper

Given how poor Guizhou was, the scale of private businesses in Guizhou was considerable. We can demonstrate this point by calculating the ratio of the registered capital of these entrepreneurial ventures to the per capita GDP of the region. This is a proxy for the state of private-sector development in a province relative to the general level of economic development. By this measure, the private sector in Guizhou was “over-developed.” We compare the average value of the registered capital for the 1984–89 period with the per capita GDP for 1988. In 1988, Shanghai’s per capita GDP was 3,471 yuan, the highest in the country. Guizhou’s 406 yuan per capita GDP was the lowest in the country. The ratio of the average registered capital to the per capita GDP was 8.31 for Guizhou and only 1.27 for Shanghai. Interestingly, Guizhou’s ratio was quite similar to that of Guangdong (8.55), a province that is widely acknowledged to be a pioneer of the reforms in China (Vogel, 1989 ).

Essay on History of China - 1156 Words - StudyMode

The liberal policy enabled private businesses in the province to scale up their operations. By the mid-1980s, private TVEs had already developed to a level whereby they began to source capital and technology from other regions. In 1984 and 1985, Guizhou’s TVEs imported 100 million yuan, entered into 300 technology licensing agreements, and recruited 3,000 technicians and managers from other provinces (Editorial Committee of Contemporary China Series 1989, p. 206). According to a detailed province-by-province study, some of the rural businesses in Guizhou reached a substantial scale. One family founded an agricultural service business and contracted with the local government to run an agricultural machinery station. From that base, the family branched out into manufacturing and established seven factories, producing everything from alcohol to vinegar. The family business employed some 342 workers and realized sales of 51,000 yuan in 1984. It accumulated 200,000 yuan in fixed assets.

Vogel, E. F. (1989 ). One step ahead in China: Guangdong under reforms Cambridge Harvard University Press
Ministry of Agriculture (1985). Zhongguo nongye nianjian 1985 [China agricultural statistical yearbook 1985]. Beijing, Nongye chubanshe.

Chinese Language and Literature Essay - Custom …

The Imperial examinations were not the sole factor in the Taiping Rebellion; resentment of Qing rule and the humiliation China suffered in the First clearly loomed large in Hung Xiuquan's thought, while his mystic inspiration remains inexplicable. Nevertheless, the tantalising frustration that the examination system caused in many aspiring intellectuals was certainly an integral part of Hong's motivation, and a root cause of the tragic ambition that led to slaughter then unprecedented in history.

National Bureau of Statistics (2007). China Yearbook of Rural Household Survey 2007. Beijing, China Statistics Press.

China Essay: Simplified vs. Chinese Flashcards | Quizlet

64. The cult of the goddess Mazu in south China.
65. Buddhist monasticism.
66. What's in the Buddhist canon as known to most Chinese?
67. The Kings of Hell and Judgement after death.
68. Chinese contributions to the Buddhist canon.
69. Chinese place gods: Chenghuang (the city god) and Tudi Gong (the earth god, a.k.a. She).
70. Chinese theology and the view of hell.
71. Divination: when must the goeds be consulted and why?
72. Evidence for nature worship in pre-Han times.
73. Evidence for popular (i.e., non-royal) ancestor worship in pre-Han times.
74. The evolution of the idea of reincarnation after it is introduced to China from India.
75. Lay Buddhism.
76. Liturgical Taoism (as against philosophical or literary Taoism).
77. Elixirs of immortality in Chinese tradition.
78. The nature of indigenous Chinese Christian churches.
79. Nuns, priests, and other religious professionals.
80. Patterns in Chinese ghost stories.
81. The religious beliefs of the Taiping rebels of the 19th century and their relation to traditional religious beliefs.
82. The role of texts in Chinese Buddhism as it was practiced.
83. Secret societies and small-scale religious sects during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
84. Secret societies in pre-Ming-dynasty times.
85. Tai Shan: a sacred mountain.
86. Trance and possession in Chinese society.
87. What actual evidence is there about the behavior of the ancient Wu ("shamans")?

Teachers and students making big character posters at Qinghua University Beijing during the Cultural Revolution in China 1976.

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One of the most remarkable phenomena in Chinese economic history was the rapid rise of rural entrepreneurship in the 1980s. In the 1980s, small and impoverished rural entrepreneurs started businesses easily, operated their stalls in urban areas with freedom, accessed bank credits, and had growing confidence in the security of their assets. There was also financial liberalization and even some privatization.