Identity vs Identity Confusion - Sample Essays
09/12/2016 · culture and identity essay final
The materialist approach concerns itself with the literary criticisms of Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels, and the Frankfurt School where culture is constituted by class relations and social structure, whereas, the idealist approach concerns itself with literary criticisms of Matthew Arnold (Arnoldian), F.R....
Culture and Self Identity Essay Sample - Bla Bla Writing
Consider, then, this criterion of our identity. While it obviouslydoes well with the essence question, it seems to do less well when weconsider its relation to ethics. Again, what seems to ground therationality of my anticipation of future experiences is the fact thatthat future person will be the inheritor of my psychology. That he'salso the inheritor of my biological organism seems irrelevant. Indeed,our reactions to certain thought experiments strongly suggest that wethink rational anticipation, self-concern, moral responsibility, andthe like can be justified even in the absence of biologicalcontinuity. We can see this most dramatically in consideringthe transplant intuition (Olson 1997b, 43–51, DeGrazia2005, 51–54). Suppose my cerebrum were transplanted into adifferent living body and the resulting person turned out be exactlylike me psychologically. Suppose also that my cerebrum-less organismwere kept alive. What would have happened to me? Most people share theintuition that the recipient of my cerebrum would be me, simplybecause he would have my psychology and survival of my psychologyseems to be what matters in my survival. The advocate of theBiological Criterion, however, has to maintain that I remain thecerebrum-less donor, essentially in a PVS, while the other person— the person who seems to remember my experiences, and seems tobe carrying out my intentions, and seems just like me psychologicallyin every respect — is just a deluded imposter. But this is hardto believe. Suppose further that I had committed some crime and thendonated my cerebrum in this way. The person who woke up would seem toremember my crime and anticipate enjoying getting away with it for awhile, but if identity is what's necessary for responsibility, hecould not be responsible for my actions, on the Biological Criterion,and so he wouldn't deserve blame or punishment for the crime. Again,this seems hard to believe. What accounts for the practical concernswe have seems to be grounded in psychological relations, and theBiological Criterion thus targets a relation for identity that is justirrelevant for those concerns (a key exception will be discussedlater, however).