of political philosophy that he wrote part of his essay “On ..

Equality is not substantive but formal. Each member of the state isequal to every other member of the state before the law. Each hasequal coercive right, that is, the right to invoke the power of thestate to enforce the laws on one’s behalf. (Kant exempts the head ofstate from this equality, since the head of state cannot be coerced byanyone else). This formal equality is perfectly compatible with theinequality of members of the state in income, physical power, mentalability, possessions, etc. Further, this equality supports an equalityof opportunity: every office or rank in the political structure mustbe open to all subjects without regard for any hereditary or similarrestrictions.

Essays on Kant's Political Philosophy, Williams

This paper utilizes the text of Kant�s Political Writings and arguments from Mill�s Utilitarianism.

Immanuel Kant (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Kant attended college at the University of Königsberg, known asthe Albertina, where his early interest in classics was quicklysuperseded by philosophy, which all first year students studied andwhich encompassed mathematics and physics as well as logic,metaphysics, ethics, and natural law. Kant's philosophy professorsexposed him to the approach of Christian Wolff (1679–1750), whosecritical synthesis of the philosophy of G. W. Leibniz (1646–1716) wasthen very influential in German universities. But Kant was also exposedto a range of German and British critics of Wolff, and there werestrong doses of Aristotelianism and Pietism represented in thephilosophy faculty as well. Kant's favorite teacher was Martin Knutzen(1713–1751), a Pietist who was heavily influenced by both Wolff and theEnglish philosopher John Locke (1632–1704). Knutzen introduced Kant tothe work of Isaac Newton (1642–1727), and his influence is visible inKant's first published work, Thoughts on the True Estimation of LivingForces (1747), which was a critical attempt to mediate a dispute innatural philosophy between Leibnizians and Newtonians over the propermeasurement of force.

Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) is the ..

This volume contains a collection of seventeen essays which have been previously published on Kant and an addendum to one of these essays that is here published for the first time. Although these essays cover virtually the full spectrum of the author's work on Kant, ranging from his epistemology, metaphysics, and moral theory to his views on teleology, political philosophy, the philosophy of history, and the philosophy of religion, most of them revolve around three basic themes: the nature of transcendental idealism, freedom of the will, and the purposiveness of nature. The first two of these have been the foci of the author's work on Kant since its inception and the essays dealing with them in this volume are intended as clarifications, elaborations, and further developments of what the author has said on these topics elsewhere. Among their major new elements is the introduction of a significant comparative dimension, which is intended both to place Kant's views in their historical context and to explore their contemporary relevance. To this end, Kant's views are contrasted with those of his major predecessors and immediate successors, as well as present‐day philosophers. The concept of the purposiveness of nature is the major contribution of the third Critique (Critique of the Power of Judgment) to Kant's “critical” philosophy and one the main concerns of the essays dealing with it is to demonstrate its central place in Kant's thought.

The paper considers the ideas of David Hume, which Immanuel Kant claimed awoke him from his
Kant wrote his social and political philosophy in order to champion ..

Essays On Kants Political Philo ..

With these works Kant secured international fame and came to dominateGerman philosophy in the late 1780's. But in 1790 he announced that theCritique of the Power of Judgment brought his critical enterprise to anend (5:170). By then K. L. Reinhold (1758–1823), whose Letters on theKantian Philosophy (1786) popularized Kant's moral and religious ideas,had been installed (in 1787) in a chair devoted to Kantian philosophyat Jena, which was more centrally located than Königsberg andrapidly developing into the focal point of the next phase in Germanintellectual history. Reinhold soon began to criticize and move awayfrom Kant's views. In 1794 his chair at Jena passed to J. G. Fichte,who had visited the master in Königsberg and whose first book,Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation (1792), was publishedanonymously and initially mistaken for a work by Kant himself. Thiscatapulted Fichte to fame, but he too soon moved away from Kant anddeveloped an original position quite at odds with Kant's, which Kantfinally repudiated publicly in 1799 (12:370–371). Yet while Germanphilosophy moved on to assess and respond to Kant's legacy, Kanthimself continued publishing important works in the 1790's. Among theseare Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason (1793), which drew acensure from the Prussian King when Kant published the book after itssecond essay was rejected by the censor; The Conflict of the Faculties(1798), a collection of essays inspired by Kant's troubles with thecensor and dealing with the relationship between the philosophical andtheological faculties of the university; On the Common Saying: That Maybe Correct in Theory, But it is of No Use in Practice (1793), TowardPerpetual Peace (1795), and the Doctrine of Right, the first part ofthe Metaphysics of Morals (1797), Kant's main works in politicalphilosophy; the Doctrine of Virtue, the second part of the Metaphysicsof Morals (1797), a catalogue of duties that Kant had been planning formore than thirty years; and Anthropology From a Pragmatic Point of View(1798), based on Kant's anthropology lectures. Several othercompilations of Kant's lecture notes from other courses were publishedlater, but these were not prepared by Kant himself.

Essays on kant political philosophy alexpade, online download essays on ..

A Political Defence of Kant’s Aufklärung: An Essay

Contends that in practically every respect John Locke's idea of government can be demonstrated to be fully compatible with Immanuel Kant's thesis in "Idea for a Universal History".

The political philosophy of Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) favoured a classical republican approach

A Political Defence of Kant’s Aufklärung: An Essay …

How does Kant's Copernican revolution in philosophy improve on thestrategy of the Inaugural Dissertation for reconciling modern sciencewith traditional morality and religion? First, it gives Kant a new andingenious way of placing modern science on an a priori foundation. Heis now in a position to argue that we can have a priori knowledge aboutthe basic laws of modern science because those laws reflect the humanmind's contribution to structuring our experience. In other words, thesensible world necessarily conforms to certain fundamental laws — suchas that every event has a cause — because the human mind constructs itaccording to those laws. Moreover, we can identify those laws byreflecting on the conditions of possible experience, which reveals thatit would be impossible for us to experience a world in which, forexample, any given event fails to have a cause. From this Kantconcludes that metaphysics is indeed possible in the sense that we canhave a priori knowledge that the entire sensible world — not just ouractual experience, but any possible human experience — necessarilyconforms to certain laws. Kant calls this immanent metaphysics or themetaphysics of experience, because it deals with the essentialprinciples that are immanent to human experience.