Essays on Kant's Political Philosophy, Williams
Immanuel Kant (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Kant attended college at the University of Königsberg, known asthe Albertina, where his early interest in classics was quicklysuperseded by philosophy, which all first year students studied andwhich encompassed mathematics and physics as well as logic,metaphysics, ethics, and natural law. Kant's philosophy professorsexposed him to the approach of Christian Wolff (1679–1750), whosecritical synthesis of the philosophy of G. W. Leibniz (1646–1716) wasthen very influential in German universities. But Kant was also exposedto a range of German and British critics of Wolff, and there werestrong doses of Aristotelianism and Pietism represented in thephilosophy faculty as well. Kant's favorite teacher was Martin Knutzen(1713–1751), a Pietist who was heavily influenced by both Wolff and theEnglish philosopher John Locke (1632–1704). Knutzen introduced Kant tothe work of Isaac Newton (1642–1727), and his influence is visible inKant's first published work, Thoughts on the True Estimation of LivingForces (1747), which was a critical attempt to mediate a dispute innatural philosophy between Leibnizians and Newtonians over the propermeasurement of force.
Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) is the ..
This volume contains a collection of seventeen essays which have been previously published on Kant and an addendum to one of these essays that is here published for the first time. Although these essays cover virtually the full spectrum of the author's work on Kant, ranging from his epistemology, metaphysics, and moral theory to his views on teleology, political philosophy, the philosophy of history, and the philosophy of religion, most of them revolve around three basic themes: the nature of transcendental idealism, freedom of the will, and the purposiveness of nature. The first two of these have been the foci of the author's work on Kant since its inception and the essays dealing with them in this volume are intended as clarifications, elaborations, and further developments of what the author has said on these topics elsewhere. Among their major new elements is the introduction of a significant comparative dimension, which is intended both to place Kant's views in their historical context and to explore their contemporary relevance. To this end, Kant's views are contrasted with those of his major predecessors and immediate successors, as well as present‐day philosophers. The concept of the purposiveness of nature is the major contribution of the third Critique (Critique of the Power of Judgment) to Kant's “critical” philosophy and one the main concerns of the essays dealing with it is to demonstrate its central place in Kant's thought.