Essay on Metaphors We Live By written by Lakoff and Johnson
“Metaphors We Live By” by George Lackoff and Mark Johnson
Two metaphors that can be found in our lives when we experience situations can be compared to “turning over a new leaf” that has positive effects, and “digging your heels in” that has negative and positive effects from choices people make.
Metaphors We Live by Essay - 400 Words - StudyMode
When we decide to highlight certain aspects of these metaphors and conceal the features we find less consistent, we subtly reveal what is most important in our lives (10).
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Conceptual metaphors are not, therefore, the “creations” of poets. Poets “extend, compose and compress” conceptual metaphors within the parameters of language, and our reading of and ability to engage with poems depends on how we interpret and understand these manipulations as we read. Thus there is always a kind of playful tension between the conceptual metaphor and its linguistic expression. In reading, this tension is highlighted, as readers compare their understandings and uses of the conceptual metaphor to the linguistic expression it has been given by the poet.
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The first is simply to versify them in automatic ways; this results in a lot of lame, feeble and trite verse. The second is to deploy them masterfully, combining them, extending them, and crystallizing them in strong images.... The third stance is to attempt to step outside the ordinary ways we think metaphorically and either to offer new modes of metaphorical thought or to make the use of our conventional basic metaphors less automatic by employing them in unusual ways, or otherwise to destabilize them and thus reveal their inadequacies for making sense of reality. (51–52)