Nurses Ethical Issue in Genetic and Genomic Healthcare
Mass media has used codes of ethics for nearly 100 years.
Strong emphasis should therefore be on the acquisition of proper knowledge and skills so that nurses do posses the autonomy to interact with patients regarding ethical issues involved in health care affairs and address them efficiently....
There have been arguments on if media should have a code of ethics.
The whole world has is faced by many diseases that are common with others being rare and have become resistant to drugs. The diseases have caused many deaths since most of them have remained untreatable especially after becoming resistant to drugs, because they are carried in the genes (International Society of Nurses in Genetics, 2009). This has necessitated the researches for other means, which has come up with the genetic and genome understanding in order to develop better procedures and techniques and new drugs that fit each individual, other than having one common drug or treatment for all having such diseases that have proven to become ineffective with time. According to Lea (2008), considering that nurses are involved in care provision, their services will fully be required in genetic and genomic activities that include collection of history from the families of the patient, obtaining their consents for genetic testing, and administering genetic therapy involved. This requires that nurses acquire deeper knowledge and understanding of all genetic practices and ethical issues revolving around the practice (International Society of Nurses in Genetics, 2009).
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Therefore, the obligation rests on healthcare professionals faced with ethical dilemma in their practice to make moral decision which should promote and enhance health ( Rumbold, 1999; Sim, 1997).
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A lot of research aimed at understanding genetic composition of various diseases that are common as well as rare in human beings such as stroke, cancer, anemia, diabetes amongst others has been carried out (Lea, 2008). The aim of such researches is to provide a basis for developing new gene-base technologies and procedures of screening, preventing, diagnosing and treating such diseases (Lea, 2008). Nurses being held responsible as the caretakers are posed with a much-added responsibility in this practice that raises some ethical issues, such as privacy and confidentiality, discrimination, access to the services, and its impact. This paper provides an introduction to the primary issues, a persuasive argument, counter argument, and a conclusion, with an annotated bibliography of the sources used coming in last to conclude the paper.