Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man

The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. Thiswas maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine'sphrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played ahistoric role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It wasable to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was welltrained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany'spowerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it couldoperate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railwaynetwork permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superiorspeed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command ofthe sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power ofthe German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to winthis war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of theBritish Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whoseconsequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace.

The Genesis of the Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man

Thomas Reid: Essays on the Intellectual Power of ..

Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man - Forgotten Books

Apart from a Dublin reprint in 1790, all further editions were posthumous and in the first half of the nineteenth century the two volumes of essays were commonly published together as Reid would have wished it, but under an imposed title, Essays on the Powers of the Human Mind. This was only a minor instance of the many liberties taken with the integrity of works to whose every detail Reid had devoted so much care both in the clarity of argument and the elegance of formulation. In fact, the combined Essays became part of a newly invented tradition of `the Scottish philosophy' as `the Common Sense' philosophy of Reid and Stewart, with James Beattie and James Oswald in minor supporting roles. While the role of this tradition in nineteenth-century thought, not only in Britain but also, and not least, in France and in America, is of the first importance, it is not conducive to an understanding of Reid's work on his own terms. The traditional lack of historical sensibility in the discussion of Reid is not without irony. Reid himself was formidably learned in the history of philosophy, as is seen in all his works but not least in the Intellectual Powers where he provides an extensive and detailed discussion of what he calls the theory of ideas. At some stage his correspondent James Gregory even suggested to him that he should present `the History of the Ideal System' as a separate work. Reid expressed interest in the idea on the grounds that in the future it might be as well for readers not to have to contend with the polemical discussions surrounding the formulation of his mental philosophy, much like we now—in the late eighteenth century—could do without the polemical efforts of the great reformers of natural philosophy, such as Boyle.

Essays on the intellectual powers of man - Internet Archive

This is defined in s39 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 as intentionally or recklessly inflicting unlawful personal violence upon the victim....Critically discuss whether prerogative powers exercised by ministers should be codified in statute, with reference to Triggering Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union.Historically, prerogative powers were officially held by the Queen, but since the Glorious Revolution of 1688, these powers were exercised by Parliament.

Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man - Forgotten …

In Reid's voluminous manuscript Nachlass there is particularly much material pertaining to the lectures on pneumatology and on the culture of the mind–lectures which overlap in some measure. In addition the manuscript of the Intellectual Powers, except for the Preface and Essay I, chapter 1, has been preserved. From this material we can see that Reid was not exaggerating in the claim quoted above. The work is overwhelmingly derived from the lectures and especially from the course on pneumatology, including material which was used also in the lectures on the culture of the mind. In addition Reid used some of the papers which he had presented to the Glasgow Literary Society.

Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man by Thomas Reid

British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-Britishalliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The Britishway in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germanyeconomically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would losethe war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superioritywould be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged intothe fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operationswould be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help theFrench. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powersremote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategicinfluence out of all proportion to their size.

Essays on the intellectual powers of man.

The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915,1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. Italways did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-linetrenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entireoffensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery wasprincipally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges,crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective usewas made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disruptthe enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attackinginfantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear.