John Stuart Mill's On Liberty Essay examples - 585 …

D.G. Brown has argued persuasively that we can avoid this relativization of Mill's liberty principle only if we construe Mill as understanding "interests" in a strictly naturalistic and prudential fashion. Rees himself considers this question further in a subsequent "Postscript" to his paper, where he emphasizes the relevance to On Liberty of certain passages in Utilitarianism. Brown's interpretation is further supported by the independent work of D.G. Long. In his highly relevant book Bentham on Liberty (1977), Long emphasizes that several of the crucial distinctions at work in On Liberty are variants of distinctions made by Bentham. And this is most obviously the case with Mill's distinction between self-regarding and other-regarding actions.

John Stuart Mill's Essay On Liberty - Serendipity

Centuries after the publication of Mill’s Essay, the court case Gonzales v.

John Stuart Mill's Essay On Liberty - 123HelpMe

Mill is inconsistent in his essay (a point you could make in part b where you should evaluate rathe than just explain and analyse as you do in part a answers) as he begins by taking Bentham’s definition ‘happiness is pleasure and the absence of pain’ and then takes a very different view half way through his essay – see my handout on the site where I explain this subtle shift in emphasis.

John Stuart Mill On Liberty - John Stuart Mill's Essay On Liberty

The traditional criticism of Mill's enterprise in On Liberty really has two prongs: (1) On the one hand, how can Mill possibly hope to defend what he calls "one very simple principle" of giving liberty a privileged place among political values by invoking considerations of utility alone? Several of the critics discussed in J.C. Rees's classic study of Mill and his Early Critics (1956) highlight the incongruity in Mill's libertarian enterprise of defending this utilitarian principle "as entitled to govern absolutely" restrictions of liberty by society or state. However, as an avowed utilitarian, Mill is already committed to utility as yielding an absolute principle for determining the limits of state interference. (2) On the other hand, Mill's critics insist that, even supposing a successful utilitarian proof for liberty's priority over other political goods, its validity would hinge entirely on the accuracy of our conjectures about the effects on man and society of a regime of liberty. Such a utilitarian argument for liberty, in other words, is permanently defeasible and reversible. It yields antilibertarian results whenever particular predictions of the utility of liberty (or the picture of human nature on which such predictions depend) can be undermined by empirical investigation and argument.

Isaiah Berlin,
Of course, this comes from Mill’s essay on Liberty, not his essay on utilitarianism, so doesn’t officially form part of the OCR syllabus.

FREE John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism Essay

Lyon's principal contributions are: "J.S. Mill's Theory of Morality," Nous 10 (May 1976); "Human Rights and the General Welfare," Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (Winter 1977); his books, Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism and especially his In the Interest of the Governed, a revisionist interpretation of Bentham's legal and political thought, are relevant to the interpretation of On Liberty.

A Critical Analysis of John Stuart Mill’s "On Liberty" Essay

Mill's Essay On Liberty - ResearchGate

All these questions have much exercised Mill's traditional critics, and to deal with these difficulties the revisionists have advanced a range of more or less persuasive answers. By far the most common accusation against the doctrine of On Liberty has always been that Mill's principle of self-protection presupposes a distinction that we cannot intelligibly make between acts which are "self-regarding" (in that they affect only or primarily the agent himself), and acts which are "other-regarding." As Fitzjames Stephen puts it, with characteristic bluntness and clarity:

John Stuart Mill "On Liberty" Critique - Society Essay Example

Views of John Stuart Mill on Representative Government–Essay

Interestingly, though Mitchell follows most interpreters in claiming that Mill belongs to the tradition of "old liberalism" he goes on to acknowledge that "the seeds of the new liberalism" are to be found in Mill's defense of individuality. In this respect, at any rate, the traditional interpretation seems irresistible: throughout his adult life, Mill was poised in unstable equilibrium between a dogmatic, objectivist posture towards truth and validity in the areas of morality, metaphysics, and science - a posture he inherited from his father - and a skeptical outlook in all of these areas. Part of the fascination of Mill's liberalism derives from the spectacle of his agonizingly self-conscious attempts to reconcile these irresolvably antagonistic outlooks.