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Nietzsche A Collection Of Critical Essays, - Alchemist essay
This survey hits only a few highlights of Nietzsche’sfar-reaching critique of traditional moral and religious values, whichextends to many other moral ideas (e.g., sin, otherworldlytranscendence, the doctrine of free will, the value of selflessness,anti-sensualist moral outlooks, and more). For him, however, humanbeings remain valuing creatures in the last analysis. It follows thatno critique of traditional values could be practically effectivewithout suggesting replacement values capable of meeting ourneeds as valuers (see GS 347; Anderson 2009, esp. at225–7). Nietzsche thought it was the job of philosophers tocreate such values (BGE 211), so readers have long andrightly expected to find an account of value creation in hisworks.
Nietzschea Collection Of Critical Essays Modern Studies …
Nietzsche’s work in the beginning was heavily influenced, either positively or negatively, by the events of his young life. His early and on-going interest in the Greeks, for example, can be attributed in part to his Classical education at Schulpforta, for which he was well-prepared as a result of his family’s attempts to steer him into the ministry. Nietzsche’s intense association with Wagner no doubt enhanced his orientation towards the philosophy of Schopenhauer, and it probably promoted his work in aesthetics and cultural criticism. These biographical elements came to bear on Nietzsche’s first major works, while the middle period amounts to a confrontation with many of these influences. In Nietzsche’s later writings we find the development of concepts that seem less tangibly related to the biographical events of his life.