The Realist Theory Of International Relations Essay …
A similar conclusion, although derived in a traditional way, comesfrom the non-positivist theorists of the English school (International Societyapproach) who emphasize both systemic and normative constraints on thebehavior of states. Referring to the classical view of the human beingas an individual that is basically social and rational, capable ofcooperating and learning from past experiences, these theoristsemphasize that states, like individuals, have legitimate interests thatothers can recognize and respect, and that they can recognize thegeneral advantages of observing a principle of reciprocity in theirmutual relations (Jackson and Sørensen 167). Therefore, statescan bind themselves to other states by treaties and develop some commonvalues with other states. Hence, the structure of the internationalsystem is not unchangeable as the neorealists claim. It is not apermanent Hobbesian anarchy, permeated by the danger of war. Ananarchic international system based on pure power relations amongactors can evolve into a more cooperative and peaceful internationalsociety, in which state behavior is shaped by commonly shared valuesand norms. A practical expression of international society areinternational organizations that uphold the rule of law ininternational relations, especially the UN.
Realist theory of international relations essay
International Relations: Theory of Realism Essay Sample
The classical view focuses on the traits of human nature described above and explains international relations as a viscous cycle of wars between countries. The latter play the central role of international politics in the classical view.
Realism Theory in International Relations Research Paper (Essay ..
The neorealist theorists, on the other hand, argue that the basic state of the world is anarchy, since there is no governing power to protect countries from one another. As countries are prone to exhaust due to the economic impact of military rivalry, the formation of blocks (e.g. NATO vs. the Warsaw Pact) is imperative. Furthermore, direct threat with nuclear weapons can stabilise the system, as each side posses enough capacities of nuclear retaliation.