The Realist Theory Of International Relations Essay …

A similar conclusion, although derived in a traditional way, comesfrom the non-positivist theorists of the English school (International Societyapproach) who emphasize both systemic and normative constraints on thebehavior of states. Referring to the classical view of the human beingas an individual that is basically social and rational, capable ofcooperating and learning from past experiences, these theoristsemphasize that states, like individuals, have legitimate interests thatothers can recognize and respect, and that they can recognize thegeneral advantages of observing a principle of reciprocity in theirmutual relations (Jackson and Sørensen 167). Therefore, statescan bind themselves to other states by treaties and develop some commonvalues with other states. Hence, the structure of the internationalsystem is not unchangeable as the neorealists claim. It is not apermanent Hobbesian anarchy, permeated by the danger of war. Ananarchic international system based on pure power relations amongactors can evolve into a more cooperative and peaceful internationalsociety, in which state behavior is shaped by commonly shared valuesand norms. A practical expression of international society areinternational organizations that uphold the rule of law ininternational relations, especially the UN.

Realist theory of international relations essay

However, not many truly understand what the term ‘international relations’ entails.

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The classical view focuses on the traits of human nature described above and explains international relations as a viscous cycle of wars between countries. The latter play the central role of international politics in the classical view.

Realism Theory in International Relations Research Paper (Essay ..

The neorealist theorists, on the other hand, argue that the basic state of the world is anarchy, since there is no governing power to protect countries from one another. As countries are prone to exhaust due to the economic impact of military rivalry, the formation of blocks (e.g. NATO vs. the Warsaw Pact) is imperative. Furthermore, direct threat with nuclear weapons can stabilise the system, as each side posses enough capacities of nuclear retaliation.

International relation, sometimes known as ‘world politics’, began after the First World War.
Molloy, Sean. The Hidden History of Realism: A Genealogy of Power Politics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. DOI:

International Relations Theory Free Short Essay Example

According to Waltz, the uniform behavior of states over centuriescan be explained by the constraints on their behavior that are imposedby the structure of the international system. A system’sstructure is defined first by the principle by which it is organized,then by the differentiation of its units, and finally by thedistribution of capabilities (power) across units. Anarchy, or theabsence of central authority, is for Waltz the ordering principle ofthe international system. The units of the international system arestates. Waltz recognizes the existence of non-state actors, butdismisses them as relatively unimportant. Since all states want tosurvive, and anarchy presupposes a self-help system in which each statehas to take care of itself, there is no division of labor or functionaldifferentiation among them. While functionally similar, they arenonetheless distinguished by their relative capabilities (the powereach of them represents) to perform the same function.

Free sample essay on theories of international relations: The Realist School of Thought.

Comparison of International Relations Theory - Sample …

An anthology of major and important works in all forms of realism. It traces the development of realism from E. H. Carr and the early classical realists through modern developments in neoclassical realism. It includes: the major dialogues between realists and their critics; how different realist theories grapple with foreign policy problems; and looks ahead at the future of realism. An essential resource.

power, anarchical, survival - The Realist Approach to International Relations

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Hans J. Morgenthau (1904–1980) developed realism into acomprehensive international relations theory. Influenced by theProtestant theologian and political writer Reinhold Niebuhr, as well asby Hobbes, he places selfishness and power-lust at the center of hispicture of human existence. The insatiable human lust for power,timeless and universal, which he identifies with animusdominandi, the desire to dominate, is for him the main cause ofconflict. As he asserts in his main work, Politics among Nations:The Struggle for Power and Peace, first published in 1948,“international politics, like all politics, is a struggle forpower” (25).