Malthus came to prominence for his 1798 essay on population growth
Demography Behind the Population | Journal of …
Condorcet and Other Writers (1798)
Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws, and of a rise or fall in the price of corn on the agriculture and general wealth of the country (1814) (see )
Definitions in Political economy: Preceded by an inquiry into the rules which ought to guide political economists in the definition and use of their terms; with remarks on the derivation from these rules in their writings (1827)
A Summary View of the Principle of Population (1830)
The impact of population pressure on global carbon …
Robert Malthus (he went by his middle name, ) was born in "theRookery", a country estate in Dorking, Surrey (south of London). Hewas the second son of Daniel Malthus, a country gentleman, an enthusiast of liberal views, who left a remarkable imprint on his son.. Daniel was an avid disciple ofJean-Jacques and David (both of whom he knew personally), accordingly, Robert Malthus was initially educatedaccording to Rousseauvian precepts by his father and a series of tutors (no fan of formal education, Daniel Malthus himself had studied at , but left without a degree "because of a contempt for the distinction"). The young Malthus subsequently placed in the Academy, a Dissenter school run by the unitarian Gilbert Wakefield, before finally taking the conventional route and enrolling in Jesus College, , in 1784. Malthus achieved the rank of 9th Wrangler in the Mathematical Tripos in 1788, and was ordained that same year as a minister ofthe Church of England in 1788. He earned his M.A. in 1791.
An Essay on the Principle of Population by Thomas Malthus
In 1814, Malthus launched himself into the Corn Laws debate then raging inparliament. After a first pamphlet, , outlining thepros and cons of the proposed protectionist laws, Malthus tentatively supportedthe free traders, arguing that as cultivation as British corn was increasinglyexpensive to raise, it was best if Britain relied at least in part on cheaper foreignsources for its food supply. He changed his mind the next year, in his1815 pamphlet, siding now with theprotectionists. Foreign laws, he noted, often prohibit or raise taxes onthe export of corn in lean times, which meant that the British food supply wascaptive to foreign politics. By encouraging domestic production, Malthusargued, the Corn Laws would guarantee British self-sufficiency infood.
This natural inequality of the two powers of population …
In his 1815 , Malthus came up with the differential theory ofrent. Although it was simultaneously discovered by , and , Malthus'spamphlet was the first of the four to be published. Refuting oldercontentions that rent was a cost of production, Malthus argued that it wasmerely a deduction from the surplus. Rent, Malthus argued, is enabled bythree facts: (1) that agricultural production yields a surplus; (2) that thewage-fertility dynamics guarantee that the price of corn would remains steadilyabove its cost of production; (3) that fertile land is scarce. own 1815 essay was actually a response to Malthus. Ricardo dismissedMalthus's arguments, arguing that Malthus's "third" cause -- that landdiffers in quality and is limited in quantity -- is sufficient to explain thephenomenon of rent. He incorporated Malthus's theory of rent with his owntheory of profits to provide the ""statement of the theory of distribution. He also dismissed Malthus'sfeeble attempts to defend parasitical landlords and the Corn Laws.