Thomas Robert Malthus - Wikipedia

Malthus got interested in monetary topics in 1800, when he published a pamphlet (much praised by ),expounding an theory of money. Contrary to the , Malthus argued that rising prices are byincreases in the quantity supplied of money. Around 1810, Malthus came across a series oftracts by a stockbroker, David , on the controversy. He immediately wrote to Ricardo and the twomen initiated a correspondence (and a friendship) that would last for over adecade. The Malthus-Ricardo relationship was warm in all respects but one --economics. They found themselves on opposites sides of the fence onpractically every economic question. Except population. Ricardo accepted the Malthusian population doctrine, and incorporated the Malthusian wage-fertility dynamics to pin down the "natural wage" in his 1817 treatise. Despite attempts to displace it later with the Wages Fund theory, the "iron law of wages" would remain a part of the canonical long-run model of the school.

Malthus came to prominence for his 1798 essay on population growth

 However, the question of the maximum growth rate of a human population was somewhat more obscure.

Demography Behind the Population | Journal of …

Condorcet and Other Writers (1798)

Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws, and of a rise or fall in the price of corn on the agriculture and general wealth of the country (1814) (see )

Definitions in Political economy: Preceded by an inquiry into the rules which ought to guide political economists in the definition and use of their terms; with remarks on the derivation from these rules in their writings (1827)

A Summary View of the Principle of Population (1830)
(1820)

The impact of population pressure on global carbon …

Robert Malthus (he went by his middle name, []) was born in "theRookery", a country estate in Dorking, Surrey (south of London). Hewas the second son of Daniel Malthus, a country gentleman, an enthusiast of liberal views, who left a remarkable imprint on his son.. Daniel was an avid disciple ofJean-Jacques and David (both of whom he knew personally), accordingly, Robert Malthus was initially educatedaccording to Rousseauvian precepts by his father and a series of tutors (no fan of formal education, Daniel Malthus himself had studied at , but left without a degree "because of a contempt for the distinction"). The young Malthus subsequently placed in the Academy, a Dissenter school run by the unitarian Gilbert Wakefield, before finally taking the conventional route and enrolling in Jesus College, , in 1784. Malthus achieved the rank of 9th Wrangler in the Mathematical Tripos in 1788, and was ordained that same year as a minister ofthe Church of England in 1788. He earned his M.A. in 1791.

Malthus' proof of the growth of the food supply in an arithmetic ratio was even less supported.

An Essay on the Principle of Population by Thomas Malthus

In 1814, Malthus launched himself into the Corn Laws debate then raging inparliament. After a first pamphlet, , outlining thepros and cons of the proposed protectionist laws, Malthus tentatively supportedthe free traders, arguing that as cultivation as British corn was increasinglyexpensive to raise, it was best if Britain relied at least in part on cheaper foreignsources for its food supply. He changed his mind the next year, in his1815 pamphlet, siding now with theprotectionists. Foreign laws, he noted, often prohibit or raise taxes onthe export of corn in lean times, which meant that the British food supply wascaptive to foreign politics. By encouraging domestic production, Malthusargued, the Corn Laws would guarantee British self-sufficiency infood.

This natural inequality of the two powers of population …

In his 1815 , Malthus came up with the differential theory ofrent. Although it was simultaneously discovered by , and , Malthus'spamphlet was the first of the four to be published. Refuting oldercontentions that rent was a cost of production, Malthus argued that it wasmerely a deduction from the surplus. Rent, Malthus argued, is enabled bythree facts: (1) that agricultural production yields a surplus; (2) that thewage-fertility dynamics guarantee that the price of corn would remains steadilyabove its cost of production; (3) that fertile land is scarce. own 1815 essay was actually a response to Malthus. Ricardo dismissedMalthus's arguments, arguing that Malthus's "third" cause -- that landdiffers in quality and is limited in quantity -- is sufficient to explain thephenomenon of rent. He incorporated Malthus's theory of rent with his owntheory of profits to provide the ""statement of the theory of distribution. He also dismissed Malthus'sfeeble attempts to defend parasitical landlords and the Corn Laws.

Malthus was not blind to the grim nature of the future he forecast for mankind.

Thomas Malthus Essay On Population

288-310. From Cornell University Library Collection. A critique of Malthus' ideas on population by a contemporary. It's worth reading just for the language.

Could not God have simply created a world where Malthusian factors never came into play?

Thomas Robert Malthus Essays - 565 Words | Bartleby

Malthus realized, apparently after the publication of the first Essay, that his classification of the checks to growth into vice and misery left little room for the preventative checks he discussed earlier.

Interestingly, Malthus himself is today famous as much for being wrong as for being right.

Essay on population malthus » Projeto Criança/AIDS

Therefore: "The natural inequality of the two powers of population and of production in the earth, and that great law of our nature which must constantly keep their effects equal, form the great difficulty that to me appears insurmountable in the way to the perfectibility of society....